Many employers listened closely to the FBI and anti-red advisers. They fired people who were identified as communists.
After the Nazis invaded the Soviet Union, in June, 1941, my mother got a job in NYC as a labor columnist on the Daily Worker. This photo was used to make the thumb nail that went at the top of her column. She’s 34 or 35 years old in this photo. Because she was a public communist and journalist, she was the organizer of the communist section in the Newspaper Guild — the union of writers, editors and ad workers. After I was born, in 1945, she took a job as a publicist for the American Social Hygiene Association (the anti-venereal disease non profit). Because she worked under her married name of Dorothy Millstone, it took the FBI and its allies a while to put things together.
This is a report from the files of the Church League of America a rabidly anti-communist group closely associated with the FBI and with the publisher of “Counterattack” and “Red Channels” I don’t know if you’ll be able to read it. It says “July 8, 1947. A highly confidential source of information [this usually means an FBI agent,] advised me ovr the weekend that Dorothy Loeb was formerly a columnist for the Daily Worker and was at present a section organizer for one of the local CP groups was working full time the [as it happens nonexistent] National Health Association [My mother was actually employed by the ASHA, see above] Dorothy L. Milestone [sic]” The letter goes on relate all this a left-wing plot to promote the non-profit Health Insurance Plan over for-profit insurers. It took them a while to get their facts straighter but in 1949 my mother had been fired.
Were your parents or other people you know targeted for firing by blacklisting groups like this one? The files, by the way, of the Church League, make for fascinating reading.